Instagram   Facebook   YouTube   e-mail info@bogatasuma.eu   Call +385 95 5555677   WhatsApp   Website in English Eng   Hrvatski HR


 

Permaculture - Net & pan system in the orchard

The plum orchard in blossomWhen we bought our house, one of the first things we noticed was a beautiful plum orchard on a north facing slope. Beautiful because the trees were mature and flowering; it was spring. But in the years after, we noticed that we "never" had many plums. Only in 2016.

Why were our plum trees in bad shape?

- The trees were planted on a cold north facing slope,
- there was probably a lot of runoff water and washing out of nutrients,
- the grass and herbs around them probably took a lot of water and nutrients,
- the trees had lots of parasytic lychen on them.


Permaculture solutions for our orchard

On the PDC with Rosemary Morrow I heard about the "Net and pan system" for orchards like ours. The idea is to make circles around the trees (as wide as the branches reach), mulch them, and connect those circles. This slows down the water, and leads the overflow from one tree(circle) to the other tree(circle).
Another benefit is that the circles accumulate leaves and build soil.

Net and pan system in the orchard

So we implemented this net and pan idea and it worked really well! 2 Of our orchard problems were solved: there was much less grass to steal nutrients and water, and we had a rainwater catchment.


Plum guild

In the circles we put heaps of leaves from the forest as mulch, and we planted some companions for the plums.
- Nasturtium to attract insects and shade the ground,
- Comfrey to pull up nutrients with its deep root, attract beneficial insects with its flowers and give a lot of mulch with the leaves that just keep growing,
- Yarrow (deep root to pull up nutrients and it attracts good insects) was already abundantly growing in the orchard,
- White clover as a nitrogen fixer. We sowed this in the grass around, not in the "pans".


Other orchard solutions

We pruned the trees lightly. Plum trees you prune in May and after the harvest in September. With these pruning sessions we brought more sun into the trees and we took away branches that were damaging other branches.

That the orchard is on a north side, is actually not a problem but a good thing. In spring our trees blossom later, and that already saved our plums two years out of 7! While our neighbours see their plum flowers killed with a late frost in spring, our trees were not even blossoming yet.

What also helps: in winter and early spring we apply a thin layer of the white clay (kaolin) from (deep in) our soil on the fruit tree trunks, to reflect the early sunlight. Therefore the trees blossom a bit later (when there's less chance on night frost). The kaolin is also a repellent for bugs.

The internet told me that lychen were not really a problem for trees. We easily brushed them off with an old broom and we'll leave it like that.


Pictures of our net and pan system in the orchard

Net and pan system in the orchard

Net & pan in the orchard

Good example net and pan in the orchard

The orchard in blossom



Instagram   Facebook  YouTube e-mail info@bogatasuma.eu   Call +385 95 5555677 WhatsApp   Website in English Eng  Hrvatski HR



Bogata Suma

home
over ons
welkom!
de naam Bogata Suma
"eco" voor ons
self sufficienct living
blogs

Barbara Scheltus
Peter Scheltus

permacultuur locatie in Kroatie
foto's van de locatie

foto's overzicht
foto's voedselbos
foto's van ons huis
permacultuurtuin foto's
foto's van het terrain
dierenfoto's
diverse foto's
winterfoto's Kroatie

contact

Permacultuur boerderij in Kroatie

permacultuur @ Bogata Suma
12 permacultuur principes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
onze permacultuur ontwerpen
compost en plantvoeding

projecten
geitenhuis
konijnenpaleis
kippentuin
voedselbos
voedsel savanne
net and pan boomgaard
permacultuur kas
bouw van de kas
tuinprojecten
- terrassen
- keyhole garden beds
- takkenwal
speeldernis
speeldernis ontwerp
het huis
strobalen isolatie
compost toilet
zomerkeuken
natuurlijke zwemvijver

 

Activititeiten

kalender workshops & cursussen
permacultuur workshops
permaculturist Barbara Scheltus
tuin workshops
voedselbos workshop
workshop kruiden
workshops fermenteren
workshops smeden
workshops werken met wol
workshops zelfvoorzienend leven
cursus cultural emergence

1 month intensive - permaculture in practise

vrijwilliger in een permaculture retreat
vrijwilligerswerk
fotos met vrijwilligers

Kamperen

Vind ons in Google maps

Camping in de natuur
Permacultuur camping
"eco" voor ons
Welkom aan onze tafel

Bogata Suma als locatie
locatie foto's

Bogata Suma,   GPS 45.21798,15.41358,  Bel +385-95-5555677,   mail info@bogatasuma.eu