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Permacultuur bij Bogata Suma

"Permacultuur", de visie van Bill Mollison en David Holmgren, startte als PERMAnente agriCULTUUR.
Maar omdat de principes kunnen worden toegepast op allerlei aspecten in het leven, is het nu meer PERMAnente CULTUUR.

Wat is permacultuur?

Permacultuur is een ontwerpmethode om het leven makkelijker te maken. Het kan gebruikt worden om tuinen te ontwerpen, gebouwen of zelfs hele dorpen te ontwerpen, water management, menselijke cultuur en zelfs financiele systemen, om een duurzame toekomst te creeren.
Permacultuur verzamelde de beste technieken en oplossingen wereldwijd, om optimaal gebruik te kunnen maken van wat er is. In permacultuur worden duurzame ideeen en etiek samengebracht voor meer permanente oplossingen.


12 permacultuur ontwerp principes

David Holmgren verwoordde 12 permacultuur ontwerp principes, "thinking tools", die ons, als je ze samen gebruikt, de mogelijkheid geven om opnieuw creatief te kijken naar onze omgeving en ons gedrag. Zodat er een wereld mogelijk wordt waarin er minder energie en middelen verspild worden.

Onze foto's van de 12 permacultuur principes:

Observe and Interact Catch & Store Energy Obtain A Yield Apply Self-regulation & Accept Feedback Use & Value Renewable Resources & Services Produce No Waste Design From Patterns To Details Integrate Rather Than Segregate Use Small & Slow Solutions Use & Value Diversity Use Edges & Value The Marginal Creatively Use & Respond To Change

1. Observe & Interact
2. Catch & Store Energy
3. Obtain A Yield
4. Apply Self-regulation & Accept Feedback
5. Use & Value Renewable Resources & Services
6. Produce No Waste
7. Design From Patterns To Details
8. Integrate Rather Than Segregate
9. Use Small & Slow Solutions
10. Use & Value Diversity
11. Use Edges & Value The Marginal
12. Creatively Use & Respond To Change


Permaculture uses at our place

Since we came from city life and had very little knowledge about living from the land in harmony with nature, we started our life here with a year of observing (principles 1 and 12) and learning the basics. We got to know our terrain and were suprised by the diversity of growth! It surely was a "Rich Forest"!


Permaculture house

We decided to start with transforming the "ruin" on our terrain into a comfortable, smart, low maintenance house (principles 2: catch & store energy and 5: use & value renewable resources).
We did that by replacing almost all windows by doors, for easy access and more natural light in the house. During the day we don't need to turn on lights (principle 4 Apply self regulation and accept feedback).
Our electricity still comes from the grid, but at the top floor we started with solar panels to provide us with electricity for laptops and phone charging (principle 5 Use & value renewable resources).

The house is insulated with strawbales, clay, wood and wool and has big windows to catch the warmth of the sun in winter (self regulation & renewable resources). Heating (only necessary from October to April) we do with wood stoves. The wood ash is used as fertilizer on the terrain and in the dust bath in the chicken coop (principle 6: Produce no waste).


Permaculture household

We aim to produce as small amount of waste as we can (principle 6 Produce no waste).
We reuse glass that comes into our house for our home made jams and wines, with old paper we make paper bricks to burn in the wood stove, old clothes we give away or are used as rags. Food leftovers go to the dog or cats, compost goes to the rabbits or the chickens. With old car oil we paint the wooden constructions on our terrain and old metal goes to the scrap yard.

We don't use much electrical equipment; we do a lot by hand (principles 5 & 9). We don't need an electricity consuming vacuum cleaner because all floors can be swept and the rugs we use in winter, can be aired.

In the future we will build a natural pond that cleans our grey water.


Permaculture & Food

Our food comes from the vegetable park, from the food savannah (fruits, nuts, herbs), from the food forest (fruits and nuts), the permaculture greenhouse and from the stable (our meat). (Principle 3: obtain a yield)

Vegetable park
Our ecological vegetable garden has small, usually round beds with a big variety (principle 10: Use & value diversity) of colorful vegetable and herb combinations to help each other (principle 8: Integrate rather than segregate).
We have fresh vegetables all year round and we grow our own seeds for years to come.
We also grow a lot of edible flowers between the vegetables to spice up salads and atract even more bees.
When necessary, we bring a chicken into the garden to hunt bugs.
On a more sloping part we have built terraces to keep the nutrients in the soil.

Forest garden
Our young forest garden will (in the future) provide us with more fruits and herbs. We designed a nice area and we're setting it up as a self regulating eco system now (principle 4: apply self-regulation). We're propagating our herbs and berry shrubs to fill up the gaps. In this way it takes more time to get a mature food forest, but it saves a lot of money (principle 9: use small & slow solutions).

Food savanna
Our food savanna is not only meant to give us more fruits (and nuts), but also to attract more birds that keep snails and slugs from the garden.
Part of the food savannah is the branches wall that acts as a compost generating fence. In winter we feed the wall with our tree prunings (principle 8: integrate rather than segregate), in summer the raspberries and Japanese wineberries use it to climb on.
Eventually this grassland with trees and shrubs will grow more dense, into a food forest.

Orchard
The old plum orchard has a net and pan system for catching runoff rainwater.


Permaculture and water management

The rain water we catch is now only used in the garden and by the animals, as drinking water. In the future we want to use part of the rain water as shower water, and part of it can go to the grey water cleaning swim pond.
We already have pipes going from the house down the hill, to an open spot in the forest where we dug a pond. The pipes collect rainwater, bath water and kitchen water (not the toilet water), that will be cleaned first by sand, then by charcoal, and after that by waterplants in the pond.
>> More about the natural swim pond


>> More about the permaculture designs of Bogata Suma

>> Download free materials from David Holmgren
>> Download free permaculture materials from Delvin

Permaculture design process

Follow Barbara's board Permaculture inspiration on Pinterest.



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permacultuur @ Bogata Suma
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